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Summary (Assessment and Prospects)

Summary (Assessment and Prospects) A human resource audit evaluates the HR activities used in an organization. Its purpose is to ensure that operating managers and HR specialists are following policies and maintaining an effective workforce. The scope of the audit includes HR specialists, operating managers, employees, and the external environment. Inputs are sought from all four sources because each has a…

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Personal challenges

Personal challenges People have personal goals that HR professionals help them attain, at least insofar as those goals enhance the person’s contribution to the organization. Many times HR professionals go further, helping people attain goals that have little relationship to the job. They create employee assistance programs, for example, because as a former vice president of human resources at State…

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Societal challenges

Societal challenges  Modem societies prosper or decline through the productive contribution of their organizations. It is therefore not surprising that society takes an active interest in these engines of wealth. Legislative and judicial trends increasingly put individual rights above those of organizations. The success of this trend during the last sixty years has led to employers…

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The Challenging Role of Human Resource Management

The Challenging Role of Human Resource Management “Downsizing” used to be associated with a contracting economy. Today, however, downsizing occurs even when the economy is expanding. By reengineering workplace practices and procedures, many firms are gaining increased efficiencies that allow them to compete in the global marketplace. Unfortunately, those efficiencies often result from reductions in a firm’s workforce, placing considerable…

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Employee Performance and Productivity

Employee Performance and Productivity Real wages cannot go up faster than productivity does. The wealth and wellbeing of society depend on the productivity of its workforce. No major industrial nation has had worse productivity improvement than the United States during the last two decades: not Great Britain, not Italy, not France, and certainly not Japan or Germany. Although the…

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Employee Rights

Employee Rights Beginning in 1842, when the supreme court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ruled that joining a union was not a criminal conspiracy, judicial opinions and legislation have expanded employees’ rights. Even the employer’s right to layoff workers has been’limited by the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Act (WARN).33Likewise, employee terminations have been constrained by EEOC, OSHA, NLRB, and court…

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Human Resource Prospects for the Future

Human Resource Prospects for the Future Audits are necessary but backward-looking. They only uncover the results of past decisions. Although past performance should be evaluated, HR departments also should look to the future. Without a future orientation, the depart- . ment becomes reactive, not proactive, And reactive approaches allow minor problems to become major ones. Challenges that are likely…

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Globalization, Diversity, and the Environmental Context

Globalization, Diversity, and the Environmental Context The United States, Canada, and Mexico are virtually eliminating all barriers to free trade, creating through the North American Free Trade Act a North American trade bloc. At the same time, the European Union is becoming more closely integrated, creating another zone of free trade. Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay are working steadily…

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The Audit Report

The Audit Report The audit report is a comprehensive description of HR activities that includes both commendations for effective practices and recommendations for improving practices that are less effective. A recognition of both good and bad practices is more balanced and encourages wider acceptance of the report. Often an audit report contains several sections. One part is for line…

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International Audits

International Audits The tendency for an audit team from the home country is to use its experiences and standards as a benchmark against which the evaluation is conducted. Variations may seem wrong merely because they differ from the experiences of the auditors. For example, discrimination by sex, race, tribal grouping, social status, religion, caste, or another nonmeritorious criterion may violate…

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