Through the enforcement of laws,government has a direct and immediate in Federal regulations pact on managers and the HR function. Federal laws regulating the employee employer relationship challenge the methods HR departments use. Some laws, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act and the Civil Rights Act, make major demands on HR management. The impact of these laws has helped elevate the importance of HR decisions, as was discussed earlier in this chapter Government involvement in the employment relationship is meant to achieve societal objectives-usually the elimination of practices that are considered contrary to public policy. For managers and HR specialists, government involvement requires compliance and proactive efforts to minimize the organizational consequences. Throughout this book, laws related to employment discrimination, compensation, unions, and other issues illustrate the challenges and actions faced by HI, departments.