Effective career programs must consider these different perceptions and desires of employees. What workers expect from the career programs developed by the HR department varies with age, sex, occupation, education, and other factors. In short, whatever approach the HR department adopts, it must be flexible and proactive. An HR manager associated with the Haynes Group in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, came to this conclusion:
Flexibility in career development programs is paramount if the goals of improved productivity, increased personal satisfaction, growth and ultimately increased organizational effectiveness are to be achieved. In many cases, this will require the modification of basic existing programs to address the specific needs of a particular group of employees."